The SEND Reforms 2014
The Children and Families Act 2014 became Law on 1st September 2014.
The Act aims to improve the lives and future prospects of all children living in the UK.
Part of this Act changed the way in which children and young people with special educational need and disabilities (SEND) are supported in school and in the community.
The SEND Code of Practice is the guidance document that sets out everyone’s duties. It says what should and what must happen.
This part has is referred to as The S.E.N.D. reforms.
Who does this affect?
Children and young people from 0-25 Years with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (S.E.N.D.)
- Children and young people in receipt of a Statement of Special Educational Needs prior to September 2014.
- Young People who received a Learning Disability Assessment (L.D.A.) prior to September 2014.
- Children who have been identified as requiring School Actionor School Action Plus prior to September 2014.
- Children and Young People between 0-25 years who afterSeptember 2014 are newly identified as having Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (S.E.N.D.)
What are the changes?
The Act includes some key principles to improve parent carer experiences, including:
More participation: The Act includes new responsibilities on local authorities and others to make sure parent carers and young people are much more involved in decisions that affect their lives. It also makes clear that local authorities and health partners should work with parent carers and young people to improve services across their local area, for example through your local parent carer forum; in Bolton, this is the Bolton Parent Carer Consortium.
Better outcomes: The Act requires Education, Health and Social Care services to look at how they support children and young people in a way that improves progress and supports the outcomes they want and need in their lives.
Better joint working: The Act requires services that families use, in particular Education, Health and Social Care to work more closely together and commission services together. This should improve the experiences of children, young people and their parent carers.
The Act introduces
Education, Health and Care Plans (EHCPs): These will replace Statements of Special Educational Needs and Learning Difficulty Assessments (LDA.) An EHC Plan is a detailed document, for children/young people 0-25 years, based on the educational needs of the child/young person, taking into account their education, health and social care needs in one document.